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Vipère péliade © MNHN – F-G. Grandin

The common european adder

The common European adder is a snake that can be found in France, but its range can extend east towards China and north towards Finland.


Class, order and family :
Sauropsida, squamata, viperidae
Lifespan :
Around 15 years
Height & weight :
60 cm / 150 g
Gestation :
3 to 4 months
Diet :
Native region :
Statut UICN : 

Vulnerable (VU)


The common European adder favours cool and damp environments, which explains its presence in France, particularly in the North and West. It is a rather solitary animal but it does tolerate the presence of fellow common European adders. A significant reduction in populations has been observed in recent years.