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Pudu des Andes © MNHN - F-G Grandin

The Andean pudu

The Andean pudu, Pudu puda, is a small mammal which lives in the dense forests of South America. Like other members of the deer family, the male pudu has short pointed antlers which he loses each year.


Class, order and family :
Mammalia, Cetartiodactyla, Cervidae
Life span :
up to 10 – 17 years in captivity
Size & Weight :
40 cm (shoulder height) and 6 - 12 kg
Gestation period :
7 months, one fawn per litter
Natural habitat :
dense forests
Diet :
vegetarian (grasses, leaves, fruit)
Native region :
temperate areas of Argentina and Chile
Statut UICN : 

Near threatened (NT)


Secretive and solitary, the pudu patrols its territory day and night, following well-defined paths along which it deposits scent markers using glands near its eyes.

Distinctive features

With its short, sturdy legs, small size and rounded shape, the pudu is adapted to living in the dense forest where it can thread its way through the trees and thickets. To escape from predators, it can climb to forests up to 3,200 metres in altitude.


Young pudus escape from predators thanks to the white spots on their coat which look like rays of sunlight in the undergrowth.

Les autres animaux de la biozone Patagonia biozone