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Oryx algazelle © MNHN - F.G Grandin

The Scimitar oryx

No scimitar oryxes have been seen in the wild since 1983. It is believed to be extinct in the wild. It survives thanks to a few thousand individuals in captivity, in reserves close to their natural habitat.


Class, order and family :
Mammalia, artiodactyla, bovidae
Lifespan :
27 years in captivity
Height & weight :
1.10 - 1.25 m (at the shoulder); 150 - 200 kg
Gestation :
8 - 8.5 months, 1 baby
Natural habitat :
deserts, dry savannahs
Diet :
Native region :
North Africa
Statut UICN : 

Extinct in the wild (EW)


Unlike the addax, the scimitar oryx would never be found in the real desert. It doesn’t stray from the savannahs, steppes and semi-desert.

Oryx algazelle © MNHN - F.G Grandin