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Zèbre de Grévy © MNHN - F-G Grandin

The Grévy’s zebra

The Grévy’s zebra, Equus grevyi, is a herbivorous mammal from the Equidae family and lives in the African savanna. The Grévys zebra is the largest of the equids, with the Berchell’s zebra and the mountain zebra coming next.


Class, order and family :
Mammalia, Perissodactyla, Equidae
Life span :
up to 25 - 30 years in captivity
Size & Weight :
1.30 – 1.60 m (shoulder height), 250 - 325 kg for females and 350 - 450 kg for males
Gestation period :
13 - 14 months, one foal per litter
Natural habitat :
dry, semi-arid savanna
Diet :
Native region :
Kenya and Ethiopia
Statut UICN : 

Endangered (EN) – down to fewer than 2,000 individuals


Unlike other species of zebra, Grévys zebras do not form large herds and do not migrate. The solitary stallions occupy large territories which they mark out with their dung and they mate with mares in passing, not maintaining any special relationship with them.

Distinctive features

Compared to the other zebras, the Grévy’s zebra is very tall, has large ears and its stripes are narrower.


The Grévy’s zebra takes its name from the French president Jules Grévy, who was given an individual from this species by the Ethiopian emperor in 1882.